Knowledge Hub @ Bedfordshire Hospitals NHS FT
The Knowledge Hub, managed by the Danielle Freedman Library is a digital repository - a central location for Bedfordshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust's research, quality improvement, education and academic output - published and unpublished.
The Knowledge Hub replaces the academic report previously published by Research & Development.
Some items are added to the repository automatically by the library team, if you do not find your item or you would like more information about submitting your work to the Knowledge Hub please contact email@example.com
ItemConsent for functional endoscopic sinus surgery: are we complying with the law?(2023)OBJECTIVE: To assess the current standard of consent for functional endoscopic sinus surgery and determine whether it complies with the law following the Montgomery ruling. METHODS: Ten complications following functional endoscopic sinus surgery were identified as common or serious from a literature search. Using questionnaires, ENT surgeons were asked which of these complications they discussed with patients, and patients were asked how seriously they regarded those risks using a five-point Likert scale. RESULTS: Consent practice from 21 ENT surgeons and data from 103 patients were analysed. The 'reasonable patient' would expect to be consented for all risks, except for pain, and scarring or adhesions. Most ENT surgeons would routinely discuss all risks that were considered significant, except for facial paraesthesia (29 per cent) and damage to the nasolacrimal duct (24 per cent). A negative change in sense of smell was not mentioned by 29 per cent of surgeons. CONCLUSION: This paper demonstrates that the current consent process for functional endoscopic sinus surgery is likely to be substandard medicolegally ItemCOVID-19 nasopharyngeal swab and cribriform fracture.(2023)Since the start of the pandemic, over 400 million COVID-19 swab tests have been conducted in the UK with a non-trivial number associated with skull base injury. Given the continuing use of nasopharyngeal swabs, further cases of swab-associated skull base injury are anticipated. We describe a 54-year-old woman presenting with persistent colourless nasal discharge for 2 weeks following a traumatic COVID-19 nasopharyngeal swab. A beta2-transferrin test confirmed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea and a high-resolution sinus computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a cribriform plate defect. Magnetic resonance imaging showed radiological features of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH): a Yuh grade V empty sella and thinned anterior skull base. Twenty-four hour intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring confirmed raised pressures, prompting insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The patient underwent CT cisternography and endoscopic transnasal repair of the skull base defect using a fluorescein adjuvant, without complications. A systematic search was performed to identify cases of COVID-19 swab-related injury. Eight cases were obtained, of which three presented with a history of IIH. Two cases were complicated by meningitis and were managed conservatively, whereas six required endoscopic skull base repair and one had a ventriculoperitoneal shunt inserted. A low threshold for high-resolution CT scanning is suggested for patients presenting with rhinorrhoea following a nasopharyngeal swab. The literature review suggests an underlying association between IIH, CSF rhinorrhoea and swab-related skull base injury. We highlight a comprehensive management pathway for these patients, including high-resolution CT with cisternography, ICP monitoring, shunt and fluorescein-based endoscopic repair to achieve the best standard of care.
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